The holidays are a busy time of year for all of us. Holiday parties, school activities and shopping all take us away from our homes.
Dogs can get stressed for the same reasons humans get stressed. They can get stressed when we are angry with them or punish them. They get stresses in situations of threat, of pain or discomfort, and even stressed by excitement. Dogs get stressed in situations where they feel unable to cope.
When stressed they get more hormones running around and the adrenaline starts pumping. The stress levels together with the activated defense mechanisms are necessary for your dog to survive. It helps them react fast enough and be strong enough to survive danger. Dogs can show stress in many ways. When stressed they usually start using “calming signals” to ease the stress.
What can make a dog stressed?
- Direct threats by us or other dogs
- Rough handling, pulling him along, jerking at the lead, pushing him down
- Unknown places, noises, odors
- Violence, aggression in his environment
- Pain and illness
- Inadequate diet
- Being alone
- Too little exercise or too much overexcited playing with balls or other dogs
- Hunger , thirst
- Sudden changes
- Freezing or being too hot
- Genetic predisposition
- Never being able to relax, always being disturbed
- Too high demands in training and daily life
- Licking or biting himself excessively
- Scratching excessively
- Barking, howling, whining
- Shaking as if shaking off water
- Unhealthy looking fur that seems to be hard, breakable, standing on end
- Tense muscles
- Sudden “attack” of dandruff, for instance
- Looking nervous, hiding behind handler
- Running after his tail
- Losing his appetite
- Using calming signals
- Unable to calm down, restless
- Smells bad, both mouth and body
- Having to eliminate more often than normal
- Allergies, many are really stress scratching
- Behaving aggressively
- Losing concentration – can’t concentrate for more than a very short time
- Refusing to interact with family; previously playful dog not wanting to play
What can you do to help reduce stress?
Change the environment and routines
- Have the dog do down time in a safe and quiet place
- Stop using harsh methods in training and handling
- Find your dog’s balance of exercise he needs
- Avoid putting him in a situation of hunger thirst, heat, cold
- Make sure he has access to relieve himself when he needs to
- Letting the dog be a part of the pack as much as possible so he is with you or someone in the family more
- Learning to identify and use calming signals
- Stop using all force, punishment, aggression, and anger
- Not turning the head, but having the eyes only to the side looking away to avert the direct stare is a signal similar to head turning
- Lowering the eye lids and not staring in a threatening way
- Turning of the head: this can be a swift movement to the side and back, or the head may be held to the side for some time. It may be the whole head or just a tiny movement to the side.
- Turning to the side or turning your back to someone is very calming
- Freeze, stand, sit or lie still, without moving a muscle
- Play position; going down with front legs in a bowing position. You can do this by resting on your knees and then stretching your arms, straight out in front of you on floor.
- Walking slowly and using slow movements
- Turning his back to you and then sitting down or just sitting down when approached can be a signal
- Lying down with belly on the ground can be a calming signal
- Sniffing the ground in a swift movement and up again. Or just holding the nose to the ground. This signal is really not something we can do
- Going physically between dogs or people is a signal
- Wagging tails; if a dog is crawling towards you, whining and peeing, the wagging tail is a “white flag,” trying to calm you down. Another one we can’t use.
- Smacking their lips
- Licking faces
- Blinking their eyes
- Lifting their paws
- Making themselves small
Acme Canine offers doggie daycare 5 days a week, from 7am to 8pm Monday through Friday, to help reduce some of that holiday stress. With flexible drop off and pick up times, you can let us take care of your pet, allowing you to concentrate on other things – without the guilt of leaving your pet alone or the stress of stopping home to take your dog out or feed him or her. It’s also a great way to give your dog – or cat – a safe and fun environment if you are entertaining people with allergies or those who may not appreciate your 4-legged friend as much as you do.