13 Characteristics of Pomeranian Dogs and More Info on this Toy Breed

When it comes to tiny dogs, they don’t get much tinier or cuter than Pomeranians. Here are nine of the most important facts about Poms.

When it comes to tiny dogs, they don’t get much tinier or cuter than Pomeranians. But if that’s all you know about this increasingly popular breed, you’re missing out on many essential facts that you should keep in mind before considering adding a Pom to your family.

We’ve put together nine of the most important bits of information common among Pomeranians and some other helpful information about the breed. Each Pomeranian characteristic listed below will show you why these dogs make a great choice for any dog owner.

1. They’re Very Dominant Dogs

If you plan to get a Pomeranian for your home, check the price of a Pomeranian dog. They are a bit inexpensive but don’t let their small size fool you. Pomeranians can be quite full of themselves, and whatever home they’re in, they want to rule it.

If you have other pets, including those that are bigger, expect your Pom to assert themselves strongly. That doesn’t mean they shouldn’t be in multi-pet homes — quite the opposite! — but they’ll try to make sure the other pets know who’s boss.

2. Their Bark Is Louder Than Their Bite – Quite Loud!

Pomeranians are very protective over whatever they’ve deemed as their territory. This Pomeranian characteristic also means that this little dog can be much louder than its diminutive stature might suggest. You can expect them to bark loudly at mail carriers, food delivery workers, or other strangers approaching the house.

Of course, once they’ve gotten used to someone’s presence, they’re more likely to treat them with indifference rather than energetic anger.

3. They Can Have Breathing Problems

Like many small dog breeds, Pomeranians commonly suffer from what’s known as tracheal collapse. This issue is caused by the weak or incomplete cartilage in smaller dogs’ necks, leading to the trachea collapsing.

If your Pomeranian experiences this, you may hear them wheezing or producing a “honking” sound. Luckily, these coughing fits usually take care of themselves, but they can be scary. To ensure that the tracheal problems do not worsen, you should take steps such as managing weight and attaching leashes to a body harness rather than a collar around the neck — to ensure that the tracheal problems do not worsen.

Be prepared to talk to your vet if it seems like tracheal collapse is happening more frequently or if your Pom is having more trouble stopping their wheezing once it starts.

We will have more on the Pom’s other health concerns further down.

4. They’re Extremely Intelligent

While they can be headstrong, Pomeranians are also a brilliant dog breed and tend to listen to their owners and take orders very well. They learn fast and can be taught good behavior from a young age.

On the other hand, if the Pom is unfamiliar with you or considers you below them on the pecking order, they may not follow your directions as well. That’s why it’s important to establish yourself as their master quickly once you add a Pomeranian to your household.

5. They Can Be Very Playful

Despite those mentioned earlier, Pomeranians’ territorial and dominant nature is also very good at making friends and playing. As long as your Pom is comfortable with where they are and who they’re with, they enjoy chasing and play fighting, as well as playing fetch and with other toys.

With that said, Poms can get upset if whoever they’re playing with is too rough or doesn’t know when to stop, which means they may not be the best choice for bringing into a household with younger kids unless they are trained and socialized at a young age.

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6. They Can Shed And Require Regular Grooming

One of the things Teacup Pomeranian breeders say is that these dogs are most known for is their gorgeous, shaggy coats. While those add a lot of cuteness to the little dogs, they also require some maintenance.

Poms shed their long hair regularly, which can cause havoc for owners who have allergy problems. Even if you don’t have those issues, you’ll need to carefully care for your Pomeranian’s lush fur. That includes brushing to help avoid knots and baths with dog shampoo at least once every few months.

7. They’re Extremely Curious

Pomeranians love exploring and learning everything they can about their environment. If they hear a sound they’re unfamiliar with, they’re likely to check it out. If you’ve got rooms in your home that are closed off to pets, they’ll likely try to get inside whenever they can.

And when you’re out on walks, your Pom will likely want to sniff around and explore every inch of the neighborhood they possibly can. This curiosity can be amusing, but you’ll need to pay attention to keep them out of trouble.

8. Proper Feeding Is Important

As with all small dogs, Pomeranians have a diet that must be kept and monitored closely. They should receive two or three meals per day with high-quality, protein-rich kibble dog food.

Snacks between meals are ok, but be careful about feeding your Pom from the table. You don’t want them to come to expect to sneak bites from your meals, and many human foods are not healthy or safe for dogs to eat.

9. You Need To Be Very Careful Around Them

As you grow used to your Pomeranian, it can be easy to forget just how small — and therefore fragile — your dog is. You should never be too rough in how you treat your Pom, and you should always watch underfoot to make sure you don’t step or sit on the little dog. A single small accident like this can lead to sudden injury or even death due to how tiny they are.

Let’s look at some more Pomeranian dog breed information and Pomeranian characteristics to keep in mind, including their appearance, temperament, health concerns, and types.

10. The appearance of a Pomeranian dog

The Pomeranian is the smallest of the spitz breed. They weigh no more than seven pounds, and their face is often compared to that of a fox because of their wedge-shaped head and ears that stand erect. They also have almond-shaped eyes and noses that are dark or the same color as their coat.

Speaking of their coat, the Pomeranian breed can have many hues and patterns, with orange and red being two of the most common. While their coat looks like it will be difficult to care for, it actually isn’t. With routine care, you will find that their plumed tail and signature lion-like frill around their neck and chest remain prominent and fancy.

11. The overall temperament of a Pom

Loud and proud are two good words used to describe the Pomeranian breed. They are lively and very active dogs, clever, and love snuggling and giving kisses. They also have a fun sense of humor and easily assimilate.

12. Ongoing care

The Pomeranian dog breed has a double coat with a soft undercoat and coarse outer coat. Because they are a small dog, they are easy to groom, and the process doesn’t take too long to accomplish.

To keep their coat looking its best, brush them a few times each week using a medium to hard brush that can reach all the way down to their skin. The brushing helps reduce shedding. We covered this briefly above when talking about grooming your Pom.

Teeth brushing and dental care should also be a part of the care routine for your Pomeranian. The Pomeranian breed is more prone to dental health issues like teeth and gum problems, dental disease, and early tooth loss, so veterinary dental care should be prioritized.

13. Health concerns

Overall, the Pomeranian is a healthy dog breed group. However, there are a few medical conditions they are more susceptible to than other dog breeds. According to The American Pomeranian Club, for example, they are more prone to developing epilepsy and experiencing seizures.

They also suffer from various eye problems like cataracts, dry eye, and problems with their tear ducts. These eye problems, when left untreated, can lead to blindness. Pomeranians are also prone to Alopecia X. It is also known as black skin disease and can cause the dog’s skin to turn black and often leads to hair loss.

Hip dysplasia and patellar luxation are two more health concerns to watch for in this Pom Pom toy group. These conditions can harm their mobility. Like other toy breed types, Legg-Perthes Disease is another painful condition affecting the hip joints.

Types of Pomeranian dogs

Now that we have covered many of the characteristics of Pomeranian dogs, what are the types of Pomeranians we can choose from? The following types are based on facial features and appearance.

  • Standard Pomeranian: These are listed as a part of the Spitz breed group and are considered descendants of the German Spitz. They fit into various lifestyles and are a popular toy breed.
  • Fox Face Pomeranian: According to the breed standard, this is actually what a purebred Pomeranian should look like. They have a longer snout and pointed fox ears.
  • Teddy Bear Pomeranian: This Pomeranian has more of a stuffed teddy bear appearance. While cute, they are not considered an official variation of the Pomeranian and don’t pass the breed standard.
  • Baby Doll Pomeranian: These Pomeranians have round faces and large, expressive eyes. They are also harder to find than other Pomeranian types.

More on compatibility with other pets and children

Since the Pom is a friendly and playful dog, they should go through early socialization and training. If not, they can become aggressive with other dogs and small children. They can be territorial and will want to prove their alpha status.

For the most part, they are good with children but should be introduced carefully to strangers. They are better suited for older people and those that are busy. Pomeranians are very independent dogs.

They also do well in apartments or homes that lack a backyard. However, their small size and overall temperament may not be the best choice for a family with small children.

With these thoughts in mind, you should be all set to figure out if a Pomeranian is the right dog for you!

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