What are Miniature Dogs?

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What exactly are miniature dogs? Let’s explore this and learn about their history, health conditions, and more!

Miniature dogs, sometimes referred to as teacup dogs, are a very popular dog trend. Lately, more and more pet owners have been seen walking their oh-so-tiny pups in the park, and some of them are surprisingly small for their breed.

This makes me wonder, what exactly are miniature dogs? Of course, any pet lover will agree that they are absolutely adorable, but I want to explore how this teacup dog trend came about and what kind of life a teeny tiny dog will leed. So, let’s explore this further and learn about their history, health conditions, and more!

Where it All Began

I was surprised to learn that small dogs were developed and bred over 12,000 years ago in the Middle East. When these dogs’ heritage was investigated, scientists discovered that their DNA came from the small Middle Eastern grey wolf. These dogs were bred for companionship and to guard their owner’s land.

As time passed, dog owners and breeders specially selected dogs that displayed desirable traits. Fast forward to today, where you have hundreds of dog breeds that are extremely different in both temperament and appearance.

I particularly find the miniature husky very interesting. Huskies are strong and obedient and rather wolf-like, so seeing them in miniature size is undoubtedly striking. Miniature Huskies are a relatively new dog breed that started to appear in the 1990s and were bred by a woman called Bree Normandin. Learn more about this stunning and mischievous breed at AllThingsDogs.com.

Price and Popularity

Miniature dogs aren’t necessarily more expensive to buy, but you may find yourself forking out hundreds of dollars on vet fees and grooming throughout their life. You are also unlikely to find a miniature dog breed up for adoption as they are considered ‘designer dogs’ and are super popular.

Why are miniature dogs so popular?

Well, there are a few answers to that question. The first and most obvious reason is because of their adorable appearance; they really are conversation starters.

Another reason for their rise in popularity is the owners living conditions. More people live in cramped apartments or homes with a tiny garden area, which will not suit a large dog.

The global pandemic has also resulted in animal lovers bringing a new dog to their home for companionship and to ignite some positivity into a very stressful reality. It is believed that the popularity of teacup dogs will sky-rocket and peek at the end of the pandemic (whenever that will be).

Health Conditions

Unfortunately, miniature dogs suffer from more health conditions than their average-sized brothers and sisters. These are the most common health conditions that miniature and teacup dogs are prone to:

  • Hypoglycemia
  • Heart defects
  • Collapsing trachea
  • Seizures
  • Respiratory problems
  • Digestive problems
  • Blindness

The food you feed your dog has a role to play and can be the difference between having a healthy dog full of energy and a snappy one that is always unwell. Miniature dogs need to be fed every few hours, and missing even one meal could result in seizures and low blood sugar.

Breeders have a massive role to play in the health of the miniature dogs that they breed. Responsible breeding is key to keeping our furry friends happy and healthy, so as a dog lover, you should always buy dogs from reputable breeders.


It is tough to predict a miniature dog’s temperament; after all, just like we are all very different, so are our dogs! If they are pure breeds, it will be easier to predict their energy levels, appetite, and behavior.

Tips for Miniature Dog Parents

If you are a miniature dog parent or want to be one, these tips and tricks will help you care for your furry friend and be prepared for any surprises and obstacles along the way. Read through them and take notes if you can!


Even if your pup doesn’t need regular haircuts, you should take them to the groomers to have their nails clipped and anal glands expressed. Small dogs need to have these treatments done more frequently than larger dog breeds, so start by booking them in for a visit every two months and follow your groomer’s recommendations. 

Regular Checkups

Take your pup to the vet at least twice every year, at least for the first year, for a general health checkup. If you feel like your pup isn’t acting its usual self, do not hesitate to take them to their health provider.

Make sure you book your furry friend in for their vaccines and worming treatment on time, as well as giving them flee treatment as and when they need it. Your vet will recommend the best treatment for your pup, and they may have some special dietary recommendations too.


Dogs need clear boundaries, and even the most basic training can improve a dog’s behavior. Plus, teaching your dog to sit, rollover, and play dead are all part of the fun of being a dog parent!

 Be Mindful What You Feed Them

Refrain from feeding your dog any of your leftovers as our food contains way too much salt and oil for their sensitive stomachs. Talk to your dog’s health care provider if you are worried that your pup is suffering from a food allergy.

 Toys and Activities

Invest time and energy in stimulating your dog. You can do this with toys, walks in unexplored areas, and many more fun and simple ways. Set time aside for your pup, and enjoy your time together!

Top Tip: Chew toys and dental sticks are great for around the house, but other overstimulating toys should be put away once you have finished playing together.


Dogs need to be around other dogs, so take your pup to the local dog park or to see another furry friend so that they learn how to behave around other dogs.

 Dental Care 

Dental chews and brushing your dog’s teeth are more important than you may think. Dental problems can lead to more serious health issues that can be easily avoided with dental hygiene.

For more great dog-related resources, including dog-training consulting services, set aside some time to receive dog blogs by Acme Canine.


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